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What is an Alabama Bill of Sale?

An Alabama bill of sale is a written record that documents the change in legal ownership of an item from one person to another. In addition to being required to transfer the ownership through a state agency, an Alabama bill of sale is an important part of personal record keeping. It can be particularly helpful if there is a legal dispute of some kind involving the item.

What Are Some Common Bills of Sale Used in Alabama?

A bill of sale is used to document the transfer of ownership of an item of personal property.

In Alabama, the most commonly used bills of sale include one designed for selling an abandoned vehicle, a personal or commercial motor vehicle, a boat, and a gun.

How Do I Write an Alabama Bill of Sale?

A simple Alabama bill of sale includes certain information about both the seller and the buyer as well as the item being sold:

  • The legal names of the buyer and seller (printed)
  • The date the bill of sale was created
  • Certain information about the item being sold
  • The amount of money the item was sold for
  • The signature of the involved parties
  • In some instances, the bill of sale may also need to be notarized

An Alabama bill of sale can be written in plain English. There is no need for legal jargon or archaic terms. The important part is to make sure that the bill of sale includes the required elements. If you’re a party listed in an Alabama bill of sale, make sure that you have more than one copy of the completed document.

Is an Alabama Bill of Sale Required to Register a Motor Vehicle?

Yes. An Alabama bill of sale is required to register a motor vehicle. In fact, the vehicle must be registered with the state within 20 days of purchasing the vehicle. If this is the first time that the vehicle has been registered in Alabama, Form MVT 5-10 must be completed by a licensed official under Alabama Section 810-5-1-247.

You will need to take your bill of sale, a copy of your liability insurance, the title, and the registration fee. If you don't have a title, you must complete Form MVT 12-1. You complete the registration process through a DMV location in your county.

Is an Alabama Bill of Sale Form Required to Register a Boat?

Yes. An Alabama bill of sale is required to register a boat. You must register a new boat within three days of purchasing it. If the boat is used, you must register it within 15 days. To complete the registration process, you'll take your Alabama bill of sale, a completed Application for Boat Registration, and the proper fee based on the size of your boat to the county probate office.

The Application for Boat Registration, Transfer & Replacement must include the following information:

  • Owner's contact information including date of birth, social security number, phone number, and full address
  • Boat description including make of boat, year built, Alabama registration number, hull identification number, length, make of motor, horsepower, serial number, hull material, propulsion, use, fuel, type of vessel, and whether it is a marine sanitation device
  • Owner's signature

If you're selling the boat, you must notify the Marine Patrol Division no later than 15 days of purchase.

Is a Bill of Sale Required to Register a Gun in Alabama?

No. There is no registration process for gun ownership in Alabama. However, completing an Alabama bill of sale for a gun is still beneficial since it documents the ownership transfer of the firearm. If you're interested in getting a conceal and carry license for the gun, you must apply through the Sheriff's department if you meet the legal qualifications.

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