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An Iowa living will is a legal document that is used to outline your wishes related to medical treatment in the event that you can no longer make your own medical decisions. Without an Iowa living will, your decisions could be left to your doctor, your family, or even the court. The person you name in your Iowa living will to make your decisions cannot be your healthcare provider or an employee of your healthcare provider unless they are related to you by blood, marriage, or adoption. An Iowa living will should be signed by two witnesses or notarized. Witnesses must be at least 18 years old, cannot be named as your healthcare proxy, cannot be your doctor, and cannot be an employee of your doctor.
§ 144A: An Iowa living will can only be created by a competent adult. The declarant may decide what sort of life-sustaining procedures should be used, withdrawn, or withheld.
An Iowa living will provides you with a way to explain your desires as related to your medical care when you cannot make your own decisions. To keep the Iowa probate court from determining how your assets will be distributed after your death, you must create an Iowa last will and testament.